Medical Services

  • The qualifications of medical practitioners are on par with international standards
  • The doctor/patient ratio is currently one doctor per 7 000 people.
  • All manor towns boast state-run hospitals.
  • There are well-equipped clinics with professionally trained staff service the smaller towns and villages
  • There are privately managed hospitals in Windhoek, Tsumeb, Otjiwarongo, Walvis Bay and Swakopmund.
  • International SOS Namibia provides emergency evacuation services, backed by well-established infrastructure and well-trained staff.

Labour forceLabour Force

  • 54% of Namibia’s population aged 15 years and older is employed, amounting to an employment rate of 69% (2002 census).
  • There are more unemployed females than males.
  • The private and public services industry employs more than half of all employed persons
  • 25% of all employed people work in the agricultural sector.
  • 12% of the labour force is employed by the industrial sector, which is mainly male dominated.


  • 81% of the population aged 15 years and older is literate
  • 65% of people aged six to 24 are enrolled in schools.
  • 42% of people aged 15 years and older have completed their primary education, while 15% of them have completed secondary education.
  • There are public schools in all the major towns throughout the country, with several privately operated schools in the main centres of the country.
  • Namibia has several tertiary institutions, namely the University of Namibia (UNAM), Polytechnic of Namibia, two agricultural colleges and several private colleges of education.


Points of entry through trade corridors

  • North: Oshikango
  • North-East: Katima Mulilo
  • East: Gobabis
  • South: Noordoewer (next stop, the South African town of Springbok) and Ariamsvlei (next stop, the South African Town of Upington).
  • West: Walvis Bay, Lüderitz (harbour towns).

Points of entry through International airports

  • Hosea Kutako International Airport (40 km East of Windhoek)
  • Eros Airport (in Southern Windhoek).
  • Walvis Bay Airport.
  • Swakopmund Airport (the main coastal tourist attraction).

Points of entry

  • No public transport system.
  • Privately operated bus services from Windhoek to Cape Town, Johannesburg, Victoria Falls and Swakopmund.


  • ±42 000 km well-established national road network, of which 13% is bitumen surfaced.


  • ±2 500 km narrow-gauge track, with the main line running from the South African border, via Keetmanshoop to Windhoek, Okahandja, Swakopmund and Walvis Bay.
  • A Northern branch connects Omaruru, Otjiwarongo, Otavi, Tsumeb and Grootfontein.
  • In the far North, a newly-built track connects Tsumeb and Oshikango.
  • Windhoek is connected to Gobabis in the East with a branch line.


  • Direct air links to major sub-Saharan cities, such as Cape Town, Johannesburg, Gaborone, Luanda, Lusaka and Harare.
  • Regular international flights between Windhoek and Frankfurt, as well as Gatwick, London.
  • Airports are managed and developed by the Namibia Airports Company.
  • Domestic charter flights available.


  • Situated in Walvis Bay and Lüderitz.
  • Operated by the Namibian Ports Authority.
  • Walvis Bay, with a depth of 12,8 metres, can accommodate container vessels with a capacity of 2 200-2 400 tonnes.
  • Lüderitz Harbour boasts a new cargo and container quay wall 500 metres in length and a draft of -8.15 metres, which can accommodate vessels up to 150 metres in length.

Post and telecommunications

  • A 98% digital telecommunications infrastructure provides direct-dialing facilities to almost everywhere in the world
  • MTC has been Namibia’s cellular operator since 1995, with coverage in major towns and road coverage on most of the country’s major routes.
  • MTC operates on the GSM 900/1800 frequency.
  • A license for a second cellular operator has been awarded to Powercom, which started operations in December 2006 under the brand name Cell One.
  • Namibia Post Ltd has more than 120 post offices and ±82 000 registered mailbox holders
  • Namibia Post is affiliated to the Universal Postal Union.


  • NamPower is Namibia’s national power utility, assisted by Regional Electricity Distributors (REDs).
  • REDs currently functioning are Cenored and Nored servicing the central Northern and far Northern areas and ErongoRED, servicing the Erongo Region in the West.
  • Main sources of power are the thermal, coal-fired an Eck Power Station (120MW); the Hydro-electric Plant at Ruacana Falls (240MW); the diesel-driven Paratus Power station at Walvis Bay (24MW); and an interconnecting line from ESKOM, South Africa (200MW).