SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE

Medical Services

  • The qualifications of medical practitioners are on par with international standards
  • The doctor/patient ratio is currently one doctor per 7 000 people.
  • All manor towns boast state-run hospitals.
  • There are well-equipped clinics with professionally trained staff service the smaller towns and villages
  • There are privately managed hospitals in Windhoek, Tsumeb, Otjiwarongo, Walvis Bay and Swakopmund.
  • International SOS Namibia provides emergency evacuation services, backed by well-established infrastructure and well-trained staff.

Labour forceLabour Force

  • 54% of Namibia’s population aged 15 years and older is employed, amounting to an employment rate of 69% (2002 census).
  • There are more unemployed females than males.
  • The private and public services industry employs more than half of all employed persons
  • 25% of all employed people work in the agricultural sector.
  • 12% of the labour force is employed by the industrial sector, which is mainly male dominated.

Education

  • 81% of the population aged 15 years and older is literate
  • 65% of people aged six to 24 are enrolled in schools.
  • 42% of people aged 15 years and older have completed their primary education, while 15% of them have completed secondary education.
  • There are public schools in all the major towns throughout the country, with several privately operated schools in the main centres of the country.
  • Namibia has several tertiary institutions, namely the University of Namibia (UNAM), Polytechnic of Namibia, two agricultural colleges and several private colleges of education.

PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE

Points of entry through trade corridors

  • North: Oshikango
  • North-East: Katima Mulilo
  • East: Gobabis
  • South: Noordoewer (next stop, the South African town of Springbok) and Ariamsvlei (next stop, the South African Town of Upington).
  • West: Walvis Bay, Lüderitz (harbour towns).

Points of entry through International airports

  • Hosea Kutako International Airport (40 km East of Windhoek)
  • Eros Airport (in Southern Windhoek).
  • Walvis Bay Airport.
  • Swakopmund Airport (the main coastal tourist attraction).

Points of entry
Transport

  • No public transport system.
  • Privately operated bus services from Windhoek to Cape Town, Johannesburg, Victoria Falls and Swakopmund.

Roads

  • ±42 000 km well-established national road network, of which 13% is bitumen surfaced.

Rail

  • ±2 500 km narrow-gauge track, with the main line running from the South African border, via Keetmanshoop to Windhoek, Okahandja, Swakopmund and Walvis Bay.
  • A Northern branch connects Omaruru, Otjiwarongo, Otavi, Tsumeb and Grootfontein.
  • In the far North, a newly-built track connects Tsumeb and Oshikango.
  • Windhoek is connected to Gobabis in the East with a branch line.

Air

  • Direct air links to major sub-Saharan cities, such as Cape Town, Johannesburg, Gaborone, Luanda, Lusaka and Harare.
  • Regular international flights between Windhoek and Frankfurt, as well as Gatwick, London.
  • Airports are managed and developed by the Namibia Airports Company.
  • Domestic charter flights available.

Ports

  • Situated in Walvis Bay and Lüderitz.
  • Operated by the Namibian Ports Authority.
  • Walvis Bay, with a depth of 12,8 metres, can accommodate container vessels with a capacity of 2 200-2 400 tonnes.
  • Lüderitz Harbour boasts a new cargo and container quay wall 500 metres in length and a draft of -8.15 metres, which can accommodate vessels up to 150 metres in length.

Post and telecommunications

  • A 98% digital telecommunications infrastructure provides direct-dialing facilities to almost everywhere in the world
  • MTC has been Namibia’s cellular operator since 1995, with coverage in major towns and road coverage on most of the country’s major routes.
  • MTC operates on the GSM 900/1800 frequency.
  • A license for a second cellular operator has been awarded to Powercom, which started operations in December 2006 under the brand name Cell One.
  • Namibia Post Ltd has more than 120 post offices and ±82 000 registered mailbox holders
  • Namibia Post is affiliated to the Universal Postal Union.

Electricity

  • NamPower is Namibia’s national power utility, assisted by Regional Electricity Distributors (REDs).
  • REDs currently functioning are Cenored and Nored servicing the central Northern and far Northern areas and ErongoRED, servicing the Erongo Region in the West.
  • Main sources of power are the thermal, coal-fired an Eck Power Station (120MW); the Hydro-electric Plant at Ruacana Falls (240MW); the diesel-driven Paratus Power station at Walvis Bay (24MW); and an interconnecting line from ESKOM, South Africa (200MW).